What is annuity with example?

What is annuity with example?

An annuity is a series of payments made at equal intervals. Examples of annuities are regular deposits to a savings account, monthly home mortgage payments, monthly insurance payments and pension payments. Annuities can be classified by the frequency of payment dates.

Can you lose money with annuities?

Fixed annuities have a set rate guarantee. As long as the contract is never sold, the owner cannot lose money. That is not the case with variable annuities. Over long periods of time, the risk of loss decreases but never disappears.

How much does a 100 000 annuity pay per month?

How Much Does A $100,000 Annuity Pay Per Month? A $100,000 annuity would pay you approximately $438 each month for the rest of your life if you purchased the annuity at age 60 and began taking payments immediately.

Why should I avoid annuities?

Reasons Why Annuities Make Poor Investment Choices Annuities are long-term contracts with penalties if cashed in too early. Income annuities require you to lose control over your investment. Some annuities earn little to no interest. Guaranteed income can not keep up with inflation in certain types of annuities.

Are annuities ever a good idea?

Annuities are a good investment for people wanting a reliable income stream during retirement. Annuities are insurance products, not an equity investment with high growth. This makes annuities a good balance to a financial portfolio for someone near or in retirement.

What is an annuity simple explanation?

An annuity is a long-term investment that is issued by an insurance company and is designed to help protect you from the risk of outliving your income. Through annuitization, your purchase payments (what you contribute) are converted into periodic payments that can last for life.

How much does a 100k annuity pay?

How much does a $100,000 annuity pay per month? Our data revealed that a $100,000 annuity will pay between $416.67 and $1,418.00 per month for life if you use a lifetime income rider. The payments are based on the age you buy the annuity contract and the length of time before taking the money.

What is the example of simple annuity?

For example, most car loans are ordinary simple annuities where payments are made monthly and interest rates are compounded monthly. As well, car loans do not require the first monthly payment until the end of the first month.2021-09-04

What annuity will 200k Buy 2020 UK?

The exact amount you will get will depend on your age, the type of annuity you choose and the interest rate, among other factors. But if we’re talking ballpark figures, for £200,000, you can expect to receive an annuity worth around £11,192,28 per year. This would result in payments of approximately £933 per month.2019-11-14

Can you lose all your money in an annuity?

You can not lose money in Fixed Annuities. Fixed annuities do not participate in any index or market performance but offer a fixed interest rate similar to a CD.

What does Suze Orman say about annuities?

Suze: I’m not a fan of index annuities. These financial instruments, which are sold by insurance companies, are typically held for a set number of years and pay out based on the performance of an index like the S&P 500.

How do annuities work pros and cons?

Annuities can provide a reliable income stream in retirement, but if you die too soon, you may not get your money’s worth. Annuities often have high fees compared to mutual funds and other investments. You can customize an annuity to fit your needs, but you’ll usually have to pay more or accept a lower monthly income.

What is annuity due Example?

An annuity due is an annuity whose payment is due immediately at the beginning of each period. A common example of an annuity due payment is rent, as landlords often require payment upon the start of a new month as opposed to collecting it after the renter has enjoyed the benefits of the apartment for an entire month.

How do you explain an annuity?

An annuity is a contract between you and an insurance company in which you make a lump-sum payment or series of payments and, in return, receive regular disbursements, beginning either immediately or at some point in the future.

Can an annuity go broke?

Money in variable annuities is generally invested in mutual funds in your own account. But any money covered by the insurer’s general account could be at risk if the insurance company becomes insolvent. That could include any guaranteed value that exceeds the actual value of your investments.2015-03-27

How do you calculate what an annuity will pay?

The formula for determining the present value of an annuity is PV = dollar amount of an individual annuity payment multiplied by P = PMT * [1 [ (1 / 1+r)^n] / r] where: P = Present value of your annuity stream. PMT = Dollar amount of each payment. r = Discount or interest rate.

What annuity will 100k buy UK?

If you didn’t take the tax-free lump sum and spent the whole £100,000 pension pot on a annuity, it would buy you a pension income of £5,200 a year. An annuity will usually not pay out to your spouse after your death unless you buy a joint annuity.2022-03-30

How Annuities Work: Examples by Type & Considerations

Let’s take a fixed, immediate annuity with a 5% payout rate as an example. That means, each year, you will receive payments totaling an amount equivalent to 5% of your investment. You should decide if the money you can spend on an annuity will bring you enough income to make having the annuity worthwhile.

5 Examples Of An Annuity (2022) | The Annuity Expert

Annuity Examples Pension Plan Mega Millions Annuity Powerball Annuity Court Settlement Tax-Sheltered Annuity (TSA) Pension Plan A pension plan is a type of retirement plan for which an employer contributes to a worker’s pool of account funds. The fund is invested on the worker’s behalf and produces earnings when the worker retires.

What Is an Example of an Annuity? | Northwestern Mutual

When you’re accumulating funds for a goal like retirement there are a couple of examples of annuities. The first example is a fixed annuity. When you put money into a fixed annuity, you’ll know the interest rate up front and how long you will have to leave your money in the annuity before you can take it out without penalty.

What Is an Annuity: Definition, Types, and Tax Treatment

An annuity is a contract between you and an insurance company in which you make a lump-sum payment or series of payments and, in return, receive regular disbursements, beginning either immediately

PDF Annuities Explained – Annuity.org – Everything You Need to

Purchase an Annuity Today GET MY FREE QUOTE 5 844-852-0420 Sample Annuity Rates NAME RATE RATING MaxRate version 1 under 100k 1.15% A MaxRate version 1 100k+ 1.30% A Guarantee platinum 2.70% A- You can get the most up-to-date annuity rates and provider ratings from our website Did You Know? Your needs and finances will determine when to buy.

Annuity Definition & Example | InvestingAnswers

Qualified Annuities are annuities that an investor funds with either pre-tax dollars or tax-deductible contributions. Non-Qualified Annuities are those contracts funded with after-tax dollars. A Fixed Annuity is a personal retirement account in which the earnings are based on a fixed rate set by the insurance company.

What is an Annuity? – Definition | Meaning | Example

For example, a million dollar jackpot could be paid out immediately in one lump sum of $600,000 or in $5,000 monthly installments for 15 years. This option takes the time value of money into consideration. Notice that neither option actually pays out a full $1,000,000. This is because over time money should earn interest.

The Main Types of Annuities Made Easy – Investopedia

That might make sense, for example, if the investor needs an income boost while paying off the final years of a mortgage. Spousal coverage. If the annuity buyer is married, they can choose an


An annuity is a fixed income over a period of time. Why do you get more income ($24,000) than the annuity originally cost ($20,000)?. Because money now is more valuable than money later.. The people who got your $20,000 can invest it and earn interest, or do other clever things to make more money.

Annuities 101 — Annuity Basics for Beginners | Blueprint

Annuities 101: Longevity Annuities Similar to the simple annuity, longevity annuities, a.k.a. deferred income annuities or DIAs for short, provide lifetime income in exchange for payments made 2-40 years in advance. In the longevity annuity, however, you simply delay receiving these payments for a period of 2-40 years.

Examples of Annuities – Pocketsense

For example, a fixed annuity might pay a 4 percent interest rate for 10 years, after which the contract matures and payments cease. Other contracts might specify payments for the life of the contract holder. In either event, fixed annuity payments typically cease upon the death of the owner. Variable annuities, as the name suggests, pay out a

Explaining the Different Types of Annuities – SmartAsset

An indexed annuity is an annuity contract that guarantees a minimum rate of return, with the potential for higher returns based on market performance. This type of annuity is commonly based on indexes such as the S&P 500, but can also follow other indexes as well, depending on investor preference.

16 Things You Need to Know Now About Annuities | Investing

For example, a deferred annuity with a 10-year surrender period would charge 10% on money withdrawn the first year, 9% the second year, 8% the third year and so on.

What is An Annuity in Accounting? (Definition, Explanation

Example of the annuity as business liability Suppose the business has entered an annuity contract for the lease rentals amounting to $2,000 each year for the next seven years with an effective interest rate of 10%. Let’s understand the present value of the arrangement to be recorded in the company’s balance sheet. Here is the calculation,

Annuities – Meaning, Types, Formulas, Solved Examples, and

For example, bonds usually pay interest at the termination of every 6 months. Annuities Due: With an annuity due, payments, on the contrary come at the start of each time period. Rent, which landlords typically need at the initiation of each month, is one of the common annuity examples. How to Calculate Annuities

What Is an Annuity and How Does It Work? – Money Crashers

For example, a 10-year fixed annuity contract may assess a 7% early withdrawal penalty for money taken out during the first year of the contract, a 6% penalty for money taken out during the second year and so on until the surrender charge schedule expires. Variable and indexed annuities usually levy similar charges for early withdrawals.

Annuity – Overview, Types and Formulas for Valuation of

For example, the cash flows of annuities can be paid at different time intervals. The payments can be made weekly, biweekly, or monthly. The primary types of annuities are: 1. Fixed annuities Annuities that provide fixed payments. The payments are guaranteed, but the rate of return is usually minimal. 2. Variable annuities

How Do Annuities Work? – dummies

For example, at age 56 you can buy an immediate annuity for $100,000 that pays you about $5,800 a year for the rest of your life, with payments starting right away. Or, you can buy a deferred income annuity that gives you about $68,600 a year, with payments starting on your 85th birthday — if you’re still around.

How to Explain an Annuity to Clients – The Annuity Sales Coach

If you’ve ever sold an annuity, undoubtedly you’ve had to try and figure out how to explain the annuity to your client. Agents often overcomplicate this process and try to utilize financial and insurance jargon to make themselves be perceived as an expert, but the reality is that doing that often just prevents the client from understanding the product.

Annuity Definition: What Is An Annuity? – Forbes Advisor

The kinds of investments depend on the type of annuity you choose, which we explain below. Note that there is a specialized deferred annuity called a qualifying longevity annuity contract (QLAC) .

What is Annuity? – Definition & Formula – Video & Lesson

Some other examples of annuities include life insurance payments, pension payments, regular savings account deposits, and some investments. Financial institutions will sometimes sell annuities, so

Annuity Formula | Calculation (Examples with Excel Template)

Annuity Formula – Example #2 Let say your age is 30 years and you want to get retired at the age of 50 years and you expect that you will live for another 25 years. You have 20 years of service left and you want that when you retire, you will get an annual payment of $10,000 till you die (i.e. for 25 years after retirement).

Annuity Formula – What is Annuity Formula?, Examples

The annuity formula helps in determining the values for annuity payment and annuity due based on the present value of an annuity due, effective interest rate, and a number of periods. Understand the annuity formula with derivations, examples, and FAQs.

What is an annuity? – Which?

So, if you have £100,000 in your pension pot and are offered an annuity rate of 5.0%, you’ll get an annual income of around £5,000 a year. See our example, right, and a member’s story, below. In our example, Caroline can expect to live an extra 21 years (a 65-year-old man could expect another 19).

What are the different types of annuities? | III

An immediate annuity is designed to pay an income one time-period after the immediate annuity is bought. The time period depends on how often the income is to be paid. For example, if the income is monthly, the first payment comes one month after the immediate annuity is bought. Lifetime vs. fixed period annuities

What is Annuity ? – Meaning and Concept

Unlike the perpetuity, which is very difficult to find in real life, we find examples of annuity all around us. The monthly mortgage payments we make, the car loan or student loan that we pay off are all annuities. Annuities play a very important role in corporate finance. They form the basis for valuation of bonds and other financial instruments.

What are Annuities | How to Grow & Protect Retirement

How tax-deferred annuities may help you save for retirement. If you are already saving as much as you can in your 401(k) or IRA, 1 you can use this type of annuity to boost your retirement savings. Like any tax-deferred investment, earnings compound over time, providing growth opportunities that taxable accounts lack.

Annuities 101 — Annuity Basics for Beginners | Blueprint

A fixed rate annuity, a.k.a. a multi-year guaranteed annuity or MYGA for short, is more suited to retirement savings, offering: higher crediting rates over longer time horizons, tax-deferred growth, the ability to annuitize upon maturity, and liquidity via penalty-free partial withdrawals. With a fixed rate annuity, you can invest your savings

What is An Annuity in Accounting? (Definition, Explanation

Example of the annuity as business liability. Suppose the business has entered an annuity contract for the lease rentals amounting to $2,000 each year for the next seven years with an effective interest rate of 10%. Let’s understand the present value of the arrangement to be recorded in the company’s balance sheet.

Real World Annuity Examples – AnnuitySeeker

Real World Annuity Examples. Bill – Annuity Solves Fear of Running Out of Money in Retirement. ; As we age, there are two issues we fear. One is maintaining good health. The other is running out of money in retirement or outliving our income. We cannot do much about good health other than the usual things we already

What Is an Ordinary Annuity? | SmartAsset.com

First, this is a payment against a larger obligation. For example, a cable bill is not an annuity. A car payment is. Second, each payment in an annuity is the same. For example, a student loan charging $800 per month is an annuity. Finally, each payment period is fixed to the same interval. This can be a monthly, quarterly or weekly payment.

How Do Annuities Work? – dummies

(Extreme example: Any insurance company would be more than happy to take your money, stick it into an annuity, and pay you 20 percent a year — provided you are 97 years old.) In almost all cases, if you are in your mid-60s or older, you’ll get more cash flow than you would by investing in bonds, but you give up your principal, and you may

What Is a Life Insurance Annuity? – Policygenius

Life insurance beneficiaries can choose an annuity to receive multiple payments over a set period (often 10 to 20 years or their lifetime) instead of a lump sum. Annuities come with tax implications and lower rates of return than other investments. Most people should choose a lump-sum payout, which is tax-free.

Annuity Lifetime Payouts: How Much Will You Get? | Annuities

Annuity proceeds accumulate on a tax-deferred basis. The payout phase provides a monthly income to you for as long as you choose. You can opt to receive lifetime income or payment over a certain period (10 years certain, 20 years certain, and so on), regardless of whether you have a lump-sum annuity or have been contributing into it for years.

Types of Annuities – Immediate, Variable, & Fixed Annuities

An immediate annuity, for example, pays the most but requires sacrifice of principal. A variable annuity may increase your principal over time, but fees are particularly high. What is important is that a potential annuity buyer become aware of the different types of annuities so that he or she can make the right decision about which type of

What is Annuity? – Definition & Formula – Video & Lesson

An annuity is a fixed amount of income paid at regular intervals, such as monthly or quarterly. Learn the definition and formula for annuity, review examples of annuities, and understand how to

What is an annuity? – Money

An annuity is an insurance product that pays out income, and can be used as part of a retirement strategy. Annuities are a popular choice for investors who want to receive a steady income stream

What are indexed annuities | Fidelity

For example, if the index returned 10% but the annuity had a cap of 3%, your account receives a maximum return of 3%. Many indexed annuities put a cap on the return. Participation rate, which is the percentage of the index’s return the insurance company credits to the annuity. For example, if the market went up 8% and the annuity’s

Fixed Annuity Basics | Explain Fixed Annuities – FAQs

An annuity allows you to contribute and accumulate funds to supplement your retirement income. You pay a “premium” (often a single sum) to the insurance company. The insurer invests the money and provides you with competitive interest rate that is guaranteed for a set period of time. These rates are usually higher than the rates offered by

An Introduction to Annuity: How Automatic Enrollment Works

And, when it comes to premiums, you have two options, explain the Insurance Information Institute; An annuity funded by a single payment is called a single premium annuity. These annuities invest

Future Value of an Annuity | Definition, Explanation

Future value of an annuity = Factor x Annuity payment. Factor = Future value of an annuity / Annuity payment. = $30,200.99 / $500. = 60.40198. Because the annuity payments are made quarterly, we need to look at the fortieth period (10 years x 4) row until we find the factor (see the table above).

What is Annuity ? – Meaning and Concept

An annuity, just like a perpetuity, is a shortcut used while making present value calculations. Unlike the perpetuity, which is very difficult to find in real life, we find examples of annuity all around us. The monthly mortgage payments we make, the car loan or student loan that we pay off are all annuities.

What Is an Immediate Annuity? | The Motley Fool

An immediate annuity is an insurance product that gives the buyer a guaranteed stream of income in exchange for a lump sum of cash. Immediate annuities have several advantages, such as long-term

11.2: Future Value Of Annuities – Mathematics LibreTexts

Explain. Answer. The annuity due will have the higher future value, since it always has one extra compound compared to an ordinary annuity. The ordinary annuity will have the higher future value, since the principal in the first payment interval is higher and therefore more interest accrues than in the annuity due.

Difference Between Annuity and Perpetuity (with Formula

Annuity Due: The inflow or outflow of cash occurs at the beginning. Perpetuity: The annuity which is everlasting. Others: Some other annuity types are fixed annuity and variable annuity. Formula: Where, n = number of years R = Rate of return. Examples: Payment of instalment to the bank for recurring deposit. Definition of Perpetuity

A Beginner’s Tutorial for Fixed Index Annuities

A Beginner’s Tutorial for Fixed Index Annuities. Written by Hersh Stern Updated Friday, April 1, 2022 A Fixed Index Annuity is a tax-favored accumulation product issued by an insurance company.It shares features with fixed deferred interest rate annuities; however, with an index annuity, the annual growth is bench-marked to a stock market index (e.g., Nasdaq, NYSE, S&P500) rather than an

Understanding Annuity Basics – How Do Annuities Work

In this short animated video see how annuities work, what they are, and how annuities can help provide retirement income.Find out more by visiting, https://w

Present Value of an Ordinary Annuity | Explanation

The following timeline depicts an ordinary annuity comprised of five payments of $100 each: The equal periods of time (represented by n) between the identical payments of $100 could be a year, a 6-month period, a quarter of a year, a month, etc. In the above example, n = 5 periods of one year each.

Difference Between Ordinary Annuity and Annuity Due (with

For example, payment of housing loan, life insurance premium, rent, etc. There can be two types of annuities, i.e. ordinary annuity and annuity due. Ordinary annuity means an annuity which is related to the period preceding its date, whereas annuity due is the annuity related to the period following its date.

Annuity Method for Calculating Depreciation: Meaning

Solved Example for You. Q. A Ltd. purchased a 5 years lease on 1 April 2013 for ₹500000. It is decided to write off depreciation on lease using the Annuity Method. The rate of interest is presumed to be 6% p.a. The annuity for ₹1 for 5 years at 6% interest is 0.237396.

What Are Annuities & How Do They Work? – Personal Income

An annuity is a retirement account that operates on insurance programs instead of individual investment accounts. In an IRA, which is one of the most popular retirement accounts, you can buy and sell stocks, gold, and other assets within the account, like a tax-deferred bin to dabble in different investments.


annuities also hold life insurance, and (5) most annuity policies have clauses that guarantee a minimum repayment. Gottlieb’s article uses a model of demand for life insurance and annu-ities, based on prospect theory, to explain each of these five distinct puzzles. Prospect theory has three key features that help it explain these puzzles.

Annuities, Perpetuity, Present, Future Value, Finance

Normal annuity is no different, because all we have to do is calculate PV of FV for each of the periods. Of course that would be quite long for an annuity which has a lifespan of 50 years. Luckily we have a shortcut. Lets look at a short example and calculate future value with the long and the short way. Example: Part of your portfolio is bonds.

Real life example of annuity.docx – Please find a real

Please clearly explain why your example can meet the criteria of annuity or perpetuity. (Up to 200 words) THIS IS A REAL-LIFE EXAMPLE OF ANNUITY In financial terms, an annuity is a constant flow of regular payments that are guaranteed to last for a specified number of periods. One example of the annuity will be the investment in the children’s

What is an Ordinary Annuity? – Definition | Meaning | Example

Example. Let’s keep things simple and assume you receive an annuity payment of $2,000 each year for 10 years. As you receive the annuity payments at the end of each year, you decide to save and invest the cash into a safe investment earning 4%. To better understand the true cash value of this annuity, let’s determine the present and future

Annuity Vs Perpetuity: Can Annuities Be Perpetual

In theory, an annuity can be a perpetuity depending on how it is designed. If it is designed so that payments last forever, even after the investor’s lifetime, then it is considered a perpetual annuity. An insurance company, for example, may sell securities that guarantee a small payment forever.

Future Value of An Annuity – Formula, Definition

Examples of annuities include regular deposits to a saving account, monthly car, mortgage, or insurance payments, and periodic payments to a person from a retirement fund. Although an annuity may vary in dollar amount, we will assume that an annuity involves a series of equal payments.

Annuity Riders Explained – Annuities HQ research.connect

For example: you put $100,000 into the annuity originally and you withdraw $20,000 during the first 5 years. Your account should be worth $80,000. If your account doesn’t reflect that amount, it will be restored. Some companies offer the ability to lock-in gains on a yearly basis (usually a fixed percentage of any gains). In this instance

What is an Annuity – Meaning, Definition, Benefits & Types

Annuity Meaning, Definition & Types. An annuity is a contract between the policyholder and the insurance company, wherein the policyholder needs to make either lump-sum payment or pay in installments to receive regular. income as an annuity after retirement. The annuities can be paid either immediately after payment of the lump-sum amount or

Annuity Due – Overview, Present and Future Values

Examples of annuity due payments include rentals, leases Lease A lease is an implied or written agreement specifying the conditions under which a lessor accepts to let out a property to be used by a lessee., and insurance payments, which are made to cover services provided in the period following the payment.

What Is An Annuity? Rates, Types, Pros & Cons

An annuity is a contract with an insurance company. Insurance products are designed to manage risk. Flood insurance, for example, lowers the risks that a homeowner will face large expenses if a pipe bursts or a roof leaks. The insurance company accepts the risk that it might make payouts greater than the value of its clients’ savings.

Present Value of Annuity Formula | Calculate PV of an

Present Value of an Annuity = $38,635.82. Hence, if John opts for an annuity, then he would receive $38,635.82. The second option is he opts for $60,000, which is before tax, and if we deduct a tax of 40%, then the amount in hand will be $36,000. Therefore, John should opt for annuity since there is a benefit of $2,635.82

What is a Longevity Annuity? | Retirement Watch

For example, if the annuitant buys a life and 10-year certain annuity and passes away during the third year of the period certain, their beneficiaries will receive their payments for the remaining seven years of the period. Example of a Longevity Annuity: Susan is a 52-year-old woman who is planning for her retirement.

Annuity Payout Options | Payment Types – RetireGuide.com

For example, let’s say you purchase a life annuity with a 10-year period certain. If you pass away after three years, there’s still seven more years of contractual payments to your beneficiary. But if you die after 11 years, your beneficiary won’t receive any annuity money. Lump-Sum Payment

Future Value of an Annuity Due | Formula with Examples

In this lesson, we explain what the Future Value of an Annuity Due is and the formula to calculate the future value (FV) of an Annuity Due. We also explain a

Understanding Index Annuity Rates & Crediting Methods

The roll-up rate refers to the increase to the benefits base on an index annuity with income rider contract. A typical example would be this. You invest $100,000 in an index annuity with income rider with a 10% bonus rate and an 8% rollup rate.

Present Value of an Annuity Due | Formula, Example

For example, if you have an annuity that would send monthly payments, and you have an annual interest rate of 12%, there would be a monthly interest rate of 1% in your formula. Present Value of an Annuity Due Example. Mrs Danielson is taking out a business loan requiring payments of $5000 at the beginning of each month for 12 months.

Solved Think of four examples in your organization or from

Think of four examples in your organization or from your personal life, or a combination of both, that demonstrate the following: Present Value (PV) of a lump sum Future Value (FV) of a lump sum Present Value (PV) of an annuity Future Value (FV) of an annuity Explain your examples, including why they are relevant to your organization and/or

What Is the Difference Between an Ordinary Annuity & an

An annuity is a series of payments at a regular interval, such as weekly, monthly or yearly. Fixed annuities pay the same amount in each period, whereas the amounts can change in variable annuities.

Future Value (FV) | Definition & Examples | InvestingAnswers

Future Value Examples. There are two ways of calculating future value: Simple annual interest, or the interest added to the principal balance . Annual compound interest, or the interest earned on interest. Simple interest is always based on the present value, whereas compounded interest means that the present value grows exponentially each year.

Solved 2. Explain how you would calculate ordinary

  1. Explain how you would calculate ordinary annuities and annuities due by table lookup. Create an example to explain the meaning of a table factor from an ordinary annuity. (SMarks) Question 2 ; Question: 2. Explain how you would calculate ordinary annuities and annuities due by table lookup.

Types of Annuity: Immediate, Deferred, Fixed & Variable

  1. Lump-sum Annuity. Most of the types of annuities in India offer regular payouts after a stipulated period; however, the annuity also offers the alternative to provide the payout in a lump sum. It is to be noted and understood that the lump sum payout is an alternative and accessible only at a specified period.

What is Perpetuity? | Formula, Example, Analysis

For example, the end-of-year bonus from your job or pension from your company is an annuity since it has a fixed number of payments. Are contracts in perpetuity legal? A contract in perpetuity is considered legal and valid if it does not infringe on the law.

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