What type of philosopher is Martha Nussbaum?
Professor Nussbaum is internationally renowned for her work in Ancient Greek and Roman philosophy, feminist philosophy, political philosophy, and philosophy and the arts and is actively engaged in teaching and advising students in these subjects.
How does Socrates define the good life?
“The good life is a life that questions and thinks about things; it is a life of contemplation, self-examination, and open-minded wondering. The good life is thus an inner life—the life of an inquiring and ever expanding mind.2012-03-28
What is Nussbaum’s argument?
Nussbaum argues in WHD that informed desires (that is, the justification for the capabilities approach) cannot be any desire, but those which contribute to living well. For example, even though one may fulfill the capability of practical reason through education, one should not use it in such a way that coerces others.
What is an Aristotelian perspective?
Aristotelianism (/ˌærɪstəˈtiːliənɪzəm/ ARR-i-stə-TEE-lee-ə-niz-əm) is a philosophical tradition inspired by the work of Aristotle, usually characterized by deductive logic and an analytic inductive method in the study of natural philosophy and metaphysics.
What are the main principles of the capabilities approach?
The capability approach is a theoretical framework that entails two normative claims: first, the claim that the freedom to achieve well-being is of primary moral importance and, second, that well-being should be understood in terms of people’s capabilities and functionings.2011-04-14
Is Martha Nussbaum a stoic?
She has defended a neo-Stoic account of emotions that holds that they are appraisals that ascribe to things and persons, outside the agent’s own control, great significance for the person’s own flourishing.
What is Nussbaum’s theory?
Nussbaum contends that the theory that best represents our intuitions is the capabilities approach. The intuition that grounds the capabilities, according to Nussbaum, is the intuition of a dignified human life whereby people have the capability to pursue their conception of the good in cooperation with others.
What did Nussbaum believe?
Nussbaum believes there is a crucial role for the education system from early school to tertiary in building a different kind of citizen. Rather than economically productive and useful, we need people who are imaginative, emotionally intelligent and compassionate.2017-08-22
How do you deal with anger in injustice?
Seek treatment modalities that melt anger and feelings of injustice. Effective modalities include Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT), Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT), Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR), Loving Kindness Meditation, and Compassion Meditation . Don’t stay stuck.2014-12-16
Which of the following concept was proposed by John Rawls?
Rawls’s theory of “justice as fairness” recommends equal basic liberties, equality of opportunity, and facilitating the maximum benefit to the least advantaged members of society in any case where inequalities may occur.
What is John Rawls theory of justice summary?
John Rawls’s theory of justice is a sound theory which says that a well-ordered society needed a concept of justice as a basic requirement and that such a concept could be developed by rational individuals behind a ‘veil of ignorance’ about their own position, and that it would involve, primarily, equal right to basic
How does Nussbaum define anger?
According to Nussbaum, Aristotle defined anger as “an emotional response to a significant damage to something or someone one cares about, and a damage that the angry person believes to have been wrongfully inflicted.” The Greek philosopher also determined that “anger itself is painful, [but] it also contains a pleasant 2016-03-23
Who followed Aristotelian philosophy?
Arabic Aristotelianism was the product of Syrians, Persians, Turks, Jews, and Arabs who wrote and taught in their own countries as well as in Africa and Spain until the 12th century. Much of it and of what the Jews produced in Hebrew in the following two centuries passed into the Latin tradition between 1130 and 1550.
How does Nussbaum describe the good life?
For Nussbaum, those capacities include the capacity to live a life of normal length, to have good health, to have bodily integrity, to use one’s mind in ways “protected by guarantees of freedom of expression,” to have emotional attachments, and to meaningfully participate in political decision making, among many others
What does Martha Nussbaum argue?
She argues that each person should be treated as an end, worthy of respect, dignity and honor. As mentioned in section II, Nussbaum believes the capabilities is founded on the intuition that each person is worthy of a dignified life, and this intuition holds irrespective of one’s community.
How do philosophers define the good life?
The good life is a condition in which a person will be the most happy. Such happiness can be researched through a deductive perspective, which has been done by many philosophers over time. Two such philosophers, Plato and Aristotle, deem the good life as the state in which a person exhibits total virtue.
What is John Rawls concept of justice called?
Rawls’s most discussed work is his theory of a just liberal society, called justice as fairness.2008-03-25
How do we use Aristotle’s philosophies today?
Aristotle has created a basis for a great deal of today’s scientific knowledge, such as the classification of organisms and objects. Though erroneous by current standards, his four-element system of nature (i.e. minerals, plants, animals, and humans) has guided scientists for centuries in the study of biology.2018-02-23